[Parution] Majid Daneshgar, Aaron R. Hughes (éd), Desconstructing Islamic Studies,Harvard University Press (Juil 2020)

The study of Islam has historically been approached in two different ways: apologetical and polemical. The former focuses on the preservation and propagation of religious teachings, and the latter on the attempt to undermine the tradition. The dialectic between these two approaches continued into the Enlightenment, and the tension between them still exists today. What is new in the modern period, however, is the introduction of a third approach, the academic one, which ostensibly examines the tradition in diverse historical, religious, legal, intellectual, and philosophical contexts. Classical Islamic subjects (e.g., Qur’ān, ḥadīth, fiqh, tafsīr) are now studied using a combination of the apologetical, the polemical, and the academic approaches. Depending upon the historical period and the institutional context, these classical topics have been accepted (apologetical), have had their truth claims undermined (polemical), or have simply been taken for granted (academic).

This volume, comprising chapters by leading experts, deconstructs the ways in which classical Muslim scholarship has structured (and, indeed, continues to structure) the modern study of Islam. It explores how classical subjects have been approached traditionally, theologically, and secularly, in addition to examining some of the tensions inherent in these approaches. 

Table of Contents 

List of Contributors



The Qurʾān and Its Legal Environment [David S. Powers]

Ḥadīth between Traditional Muslim Scholarship and Academic Approaches [Andreas Görke]

Tafsīr as Discourse: Institutions, Norms, and Authority [Johanna Pink]

Overlooked Modern Persian-Shi’i Tafsīr Schools: The Maktab-e Tafkīk in Contemporary Iran [S. M. Hadi Gerami]

On Secularization of Fiqh in Contemporary Iran [Mahmoud Pargoo]

Kalām: Constructing Divinity [Aaron W. Hughes]

How Intellectuals Censor the Intellect: (Mis-)Representation of Traditional History and Its Consequences [Majid Daneshgar]

ʿIlm Is Islam: The Islamic Concept of Knowledge from Classical Traditions to Modern Interpretations [Christopher A. Furlow]

Reconstructing Adab in Islamic Studies [Nuha Alshaar]

The Good, the Bad, and the Heretic in Early Islamic History [Mushegh Asatryan]

Ismā’iliyya and Isma’ilism: From Polemical Portrayal to Academic Inquiry [Khalil Andani]

Studying Sufism beyond Orientalism, Fundamentalism, and Perennialism [Mahdi Tourag]

Lost Orientalism, Lost Orient, and Lost Orientals: An Overview [Majid Daneshgar


Enki Baptiste

Doctorant en Histoire médiévale (Université Lumière Lyon 2 - CIHAM UMR 5648 / CEFAS USR 3141)

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